National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Institute of Ukrainian Language of NAS
Institute of the Ukrainian Language of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Scientific journal Ukrainian Language is registered by the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine as print media (Certificate: Series КВ № 12180 – 1064 ПР of January 12, 2007).
Included in the list of printed scientific specialized editions of Ukraine (Order of MES of Ukraine no528 from 12.05.2015)
Information about the author:
PhD Philology, Associate Professor of Ukrainian Language and Literature Department, Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman (Kyiv, Ukraine).
Title: Lexical and Semantic Relations in the System of Definitions for Designation of Ukrainian Verb Term (Retrospective Review)
Rubric: Terminology of Linguistic and Related Sciences
Abstract: The article traces the formation and institutionalization of terms to describe the basic concepts of Ukrainian verbs, elaboration of terminological system on a national basis during period of the second half. XIX – beg. XX century., In particular, focuses on identifying lexical-semantic relations system in these terms. An important role in this process is played by Ukrainian grammar school, created by the first Ukrainian linguists in Western and later in Eastern Ukraine.
Attention is paid to the fact that during this period was still quite stable tradition of using the terms introduced by the ancient grammarians XVI – XVII century L. Zyzanii and M. Smotrych for describing the grammatical system of Church Slavonic language. Most of them are still operating in many Slavic term system. A significant step forward in terminological activities of Ukrainian linguists was their conscious rejection of the use of terms-church Slavonic and focus on creating their own terminology resistivity Ukrainian national basis, expanding the conceptual and terminological framework. Only a small part of the terms attested in ancient grammars, saved in due Ukrainian language phonetic-graphic form.
On the material of terminological expression of verbal categories and forms of the article are traced the ways of elaboration and consolidation of scientific practice term parts created taking into account the internal resources of the Ukrainian language, including semantic structural word and its features. Creation of terms occurred mostly by providing common words terminological meanings. At this stage, demonstrated significant number of lexical, phonetic, graphic and structural word choices for non-compliance by authors of grammars common criteria and principles of terminology, lack of coordination center that would define the criteria and principles.
Particular attention is paid to identifying characteristic of the period studied phenomena of semantic relations – polysemy, homonyms, synonyms, antonymy that, on the one hand, made terminology process complicated and on the other, had some positive effects as providing the possibility of selecting semantically and structurally the most successful term parts, which gradually fixed in grammatical system of the Ukrainian language.
Keywords: term, grammatical category, grammatical form, lexical and semantic relations, synonymy, homonymy, antonyms, term-doublets.
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