National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Institute of Ukrainian Language of NAS
Institute of the Ukrainian Language of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Scientific journal Ukrainian Language is registered by the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine as print media (Certificate: Series КВ № 12180 – 1064 ПР of January 12, 2007).
Included in the list of printed scientific specialized editions of Ukraine (Order of MES of Ukraine no528 from 12.05.2015)
Information about the author: Corresponding Member of the NAS of Ukraine, Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor, Leading Researcher of the Department of Lexicology, Lexicography and Structural and Mathematical Linguistics of the Institute of the Ukrainian Language of the NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine)
Title: From Collocation to Terms
Rubric: Theory and History of Terminology
Abstract: Collocation as a syntactical and semantic unit, in which one of lexical components is combined with the other distinguished element with the high level of predictability, is in the focus of text researchers. They are studied using the automatic text analysis, compiling general and terminological dictionaries.
A large amount of term combinations in scientific texts impels linguists to study conditions that have lead to forming such unities, and also possibilities of their summarization in one-word. The spreading of word combinations with adverbial or adjectival component has become the subject of this paper. A part of them form numerous term families of split nominations with a similar key word.
In scientific text the number of terms grows and requires the attention of researchers to the structure of phrases and the possibility of converting them into a stable notion of unity and further shortening them into “words-univerbs” that become some kind of a simple affixed creation with one root: solianokyslyi hematyn – hemin. Others turn into сomposites – consequences: blood corpuscle – bili kroviani tiltsia – erytrotsyty – bilokrivtsi, termofily, teploliubni orhanizmy, teploliuby.
In systems of the automated text analysis it is important to highlight phrasescollocations (constant composition, frequent of repetition of the same meaning) claiming the role of terms.
Outlining type of word-combinations according to their structure is relevant. Adjectives and nouns, nouns, nouns and verb word-combinations are best studied nowadays.
Resent years three-componental adverbial-and-atributtive-and-substantive terms, that show the importance of fixing in a term some aspects of characteristics of basic component: biolohichno aktyvna rechovyna, morfolohichno komunikatyvno spriamovana katehoriia, morfolohichna kohnityvno oriientovana katehoriia, morfolohichna formalno spriamovana katehoriia.
Keywords: collocation, term, word combination, term family, term system.
Slovnyk ukrainskoi biolohichnoi terminolohii (2012). Kyiv: KMM (in Ukr.).
Chastotnyi slovnyk suchasnoi ukrainskoi khudozhnoi prozy. (1981). Kyiv: Naukova dumka (in Ukr.).