Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Researcher of Grammar and Terminology Department of the Ukrainian Language Institute of NAS of Ukraine
Title: Word-Combination with Adjectivized Component Political in Journalistic Texts
Rubric: Terminology of Social and Economic Sciences
Abstract: There several factors that influence language of modern usus (political language and speech). They are processes in a country, political situation in the world, and as a result, its analyses and media coverage in a text. The subject of our attention is a word combination with adjective component politychnyi (political). This combination hasn’t been studies in the Ukrainian linguistics yet. The present research is aimed to systematize and describe structural and functional features of set expressions with the qualifying component mentioned bellow.
Stability of such units can be explained by constant lexical composition with the unchangeable grammar meaning, word order, and active usage in speech. Most of the analyzed combinations are built in such a way: noun + adjective. Among terms-word combinations substantive combinations with depended component represented by adjective of attributive type are highly productive. They can be marked as adjective + noun: politychna kultura (political culture), politychnyi vysnovok (political conclusion), politychna manipuliatsiia (political manipulation) etc.
Set expressions can be formed with the help of terms and commonly used words. The expansion of word combinations with the adjective component politychnnyi (political) in social language sphere leads to semantically different combinations appearance. Often component politychnnyi (political) adding results in positively / negatively marked set expression with new meaning appearance. Semantic changes take place under the influence of inner-lingual (language environment, context), cultural, social (war, trade, revolution, change of government etc.) etc. Some of them appear because of determinologization as a mean of imaginary. In the media language there are terms of many branches of knowledge used for different purposes – description of events taking place in modern society, popularization of science, the latest technologies and inventions, etc. Terms to change their meaning in combination are often borrowed from the fields of economics, medicine, sports, ecology and computer technology.
Modern Ukrainian society sensitively reacts to the political processes that take place in it. It results in new words and phrases appearance, which are kind of litmus, a characterization of events by the citizens of Ukraine. The study of dynamic trends in modern socio-political media texts (the emergence of neologisms, the study of the changes in meanings of terms), will contribute to further regulation of the linguistic political communicative space, taking into account its anthropocentric, polyparadigmatic and interdisciplinary nature.
Keywords: Ukrainian politic language, socio-political term, state word-combination, determinologization.