• info@termvisnyk.iul-nasu.org.ua
  • +38 (044) 278 43 90
  • ISSN 2221-8807
» Journal Issues » 2019 » Terminolohichnyi Visnyk, (Terminological Bulletin) Issue 5 » Political Lexicon in L.M. Kravchuk’s Language and Thought

Political Lexicon in L.M. Kravchuk’s Language and Thought

Nina Yatsenko

Information about the author: Candidate of Philological Sciences, Senior Researcher of Grammar and Terminology Department of the Ukrainian Language Institute of NAS of Ukraine

e-mail: n.yats@ukr.net.

Title: Political Lexicon in L.M. Kravchuk’s Language and Thought

Rubric: Terminology of Social and Economic Sciences

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article deals with the semantic-functional analysis of socio-political lexicon of L.M. Kravchuk. The most relevant thematic groups of vocabulary are highlighted, his role as an upgrader of the Ukrainian political thought of the late XX century is stressed, which ensures the active formation and functioning of national political discourse.

The purpose of the article is to analyze the political vocabulary of L.M. Kravchuk the first president of Ukraine during the period of independence. The material for analysis is selected from his speeches, interviews, press conferences, briefings (Leonid Kravchuk’s publication Є така держава – Україна (There is such a state – Ukraine, published in Kyiv in 1992). The vocabulary analysis is conducted for the first time.

In the political discourse of L.M. Kravchuk on the basis of structural and semantic analysis of the language of his journalism, we distinguish the following thematic groups: names of bodies of state power: (уряд, парламент, Верховна Рада); names of political governmental forms, arrangements, currents: (держава, суспільство, демократія); names of political parties, associations, meetings, social groups: (Союз, імперія); names of political and historical processes: (реформа, корупція); names of documents, laws, resolutions: (документ, Конституція); names of ethnic communities: (нація, народ); names of socio-economic processes, concepts, monetary units: (комерціалізація, кредит); names of direct policy subjects: (президент, міністр); names of diplomatic concepts:(концесія, комюніке); names of parties’ supporters: (націоналіст, націонал-шовініст); names of individual subjects of any activity: (споживач, партнер); names of individual activities: (президентство, партнерство); the names of the moral and ideological sphere of public life: (підприємливість, наполегливість).

It is shown that semantic and evaluative lexemas’ dynamic is shown by their syntagmatic relations, including connectivity. Examples of extensions of linear text connections of a word in Kravchuk’s discourse are adjectives: соціальний, економічний, імперський, демократичний, ринковий, митний.

Public Speeches of the First President of Ukraine L.M. Kravchuk convincingly reveals the individuality of his style, including the use of synonymous means: думка – мислення – міркування – твердження – переконання – судження – погляд. Journalism created by L.M. Kravchuk is rich in idiomatic phrasal phrases and terminological persistent phrases. Phraseological and terminological units under consideration perform an important intensification role, in particular, act as expressive markers of his political thought.

Keywords: social and political lexis, political discourse, journalism, thematic groups, individual style, personal state mentality.


  1. Karpilovska, Ye.A., Kysliuk, L.P., Klymenko, N.F., Krytska, V.I., Puzdyrieva, T.K., Romaniuk, Yu.V (2017). Vplyv suspilnykh zmin na rozvytok ukrainskoi movy [Impact Of Social Change On The Development Of The Ukrainian Language]. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi dim Dmytra Buraho (in Ukr.).
  2. Kokoyiukha, A.A. (2009). Leonid Kravchuk. Kharkiv: Folio (in Ukr.).
  3. Mykhailenko, L.M. (2009). Dynamika suspilno-politychnoi leksyky ukrainskoi movy kintsia XX – pochatku XXI stolittia [Dynamics of Socio-Political Vocabulary of the Ukrainian Language of the End of 20th – Beginning of 21st Century: on the Material of the Language of the Ukrainian Mass Media]. (Synopsis of PhD thesis). O.O. Potebnia Institute of Linguistics of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv (in Ukr.).
  4. Taranenko, O.O. (2015). Aktualizovani modeli v systemi slovotvorennia suchasnoi ukrainskoi movy (kinets XX – XXI st.) [Actualized Models in the System of Word Formation of Modern Ukrainian Language (End of 20th – 21st centuries)]. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi dim Dmytra Buraho (in Ukr.).
  5. Kholiavko, I.V. (2004). Aktualizovani modeli v systemi slovotvorennia suchasnoi ukrainskoi movy (kinets XX – XXI st.) [Social-Political Lexis in the Press of 90’s of the 20th Century (Semantic and Functional Analysis)]. (Synopsis of PhD thesis). Kirovohrad (in Ukr.).


Busel,V.T. (2007). Velykyi tlumachnyi slovnyk suchasnoi ukrainskoi movy [Big Dictionary of Modern Ukrainian]. Kyiv; Irpin: Perun (in Ukr.).

Newspaper Den (2019, January 11- 12), №3- 4, 4 (in Ukr.).

Kravchuk, L.(1992). Ye taka derzhava – Ukraina. Materialy z vystupiv, interviu, pres-konferentsii, bryfinhiv, vidpovidei na zapytannia [There is Such a Country – Ukraine. Materials From Speeches, Interviews, Press Conferences, Briefings, Answers to Questions]. Kyiv: Hlobus (in Ukr.).

Slovnyk ukrainskoi movy: V 20-y t. [Ukrainian Language Dictionary: in 20 volumes] (2013) (Vol. 4). Kyiv: Movno-inform. fond.

Slovnyk ukrainskoi movy: V 20-y t. [Ukrainian Language Dictionary: in 20 volumes] (2017) (Vol. 8). Kyiv: Movno-inform. fond.